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Full text of "Report of the Board for Colored Missions [serial]"

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TWENTY-EIGHTH REPORT 

of the 

Board for Colored Missions 

July, 1934, to June, 1936 



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Report on Colored Missions. 

1935—1936. 



THE EASTERN FIELD. 

Wm. Gehrke, Superintendent. 

This division comprises thirty-five stations, which are distributed 
over ten States and the District of Columbia as follows: North 
Carolina, 17 parishes; Missouri: Kirkwood and St. Louis (Grace and 
St. Philip's) ; New York: Yonkers, Buffalo, and New York City; 
Illinois: Chicago and Springfield; Ohio: Cincinnati and Cleve- 
land; California: Los Angeles and Oakland; Virginia: Meherrin; 
Maryland: Baltimore; Pennsylvania: Philadelphia; South Caro- 
lina: Spartanburg; Michigan: Detroit; District of Columbia: 
Washington. 

The stations at Free Soil, Michigan; Evansville, Indiana; 
Evanston and East Moline, Illinois; Omaha, Nebraska; and Mus- 
kogee, Oklahoma, are neither subsidized nor supervised by the Mis- 
sionary Board. 

St. Philip's in St. Louis and St. Philip's in Chicago have been 
self-supporting since March 1, 1933. The pastors of both churches 
voluntarily furnish the Missionary Board with their parochial reports. 

Services at Chester, Pennsylvania, were discontinued on Feb- 
ruary 23, 1936, after several of the more dependable members had 
either died or moved elsewhere. The one remaining family trans- 
ferred its membership to Philadelphia. The humble quarters in which 
the services were held repelled rather than attracted visitors. 

Three promising stations were opened during the biennium. 
Pastor H. J. Storm of Windsor, Ontario, opened a mission in Detroit 
on November 4, 1934, with four adults. At present the place of 
worship, a large room in an apartment on Wren Street, is com- 
fortably filled each Sunday morning. The communicant membership 
numbers 21. Seven have been received by confirmation, and a new 
class has been organized. The Joint Vestries of Greater Detroit, 
which is financing this very promising station, has under advisement 
the erection of a suitable chapel, without which the work may even- 
tually be seriously retarded, since colored people have a prejudice 
against dwellings and store fronts as houses of worship. 

Equally promising is the station founded by Pastor Wm. O. Hill 
in New York City on November 25, 1934. The vesper services at 
four o'clock are attended by an average of 36 hearers, some of whom 
were originally members of our churches in the southern portion of 
this field. St. Matthew's Church (Bev. A. Wismar, Ph. D.) is fur- 
nishing its well-appointed chapel in the parish house free of charge. 

Old St. Paul's in Charlotte, North Carolina, was reopened on 
March 17, 1935, with a non-denominational group which styled itself 
Christ's Temple Community Church. 

The personnel of the Eastern Field which is supported by the 
Missionary Board consists of 19 pastors, including 9 white men; 
3 colored and 1 white male teachers; 6 female teachers. 

When John F. Stephan accepted a call to Clinton, Wisconsin, 
William Schiebel (Springfield, 1933), who had served a year as assis- 
ts] 

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tant at St. Philip's, St. Louis, was installed in Washington on 
August 26, 1934. Pastor Edmund H. Bohm resigned his charge at 
Springfield on September 29, 1935, to accept a call to Long Island. 
Pastor Otto H. Beer of a church in Springfield served the congrega- 
tion during the vacancy. Candidate Clemons Sabourin, who gradu- 
ated from Immanuel Lutheran College in May, 1935, was assigned 
a teaching position at Concord. On January 21, 1936, he began 
serving the new St. Paul's Congregation in Charlotte, where he was 
ordained and installed on May 3, 1936. Pastor Jesse A. Hunt was 
transferred from Winston-Salem to serve the circuit composed of 
Salisbury, Eockwell, and Gold Hill. 

The parochial reports as of January 1, 1936, list 4,051 baptized 
members ; 2,224 communicant members ; 515 voting members ; 10 day- 
schools, 582 pupils; 35 Sunday-schools, 2,051 pupils; 8 Bible classes, 
224 members. (Statistics of Detroit and of the stations not under the 
supervision of the Missionary Board have been omitted.) 

This summarized report can be more intelligently evaluated and 
interpreted when it is compared with the statistics of a former year. 
Thus the baptized membership of the Eastern Field increased 48.3 per 
cent., that is, from 2,731 to 4,051, since January 1, 1931. The mis- 
sion as a whole increased 26 per cent., from 7,070 to 8,897. 

During this five-year period the lists of the parishes in the dis- 
tinctively Southern States (Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina) were carefully, even drastically, revised downward. In one 
instance this pruning resulted in the removal of more than half of 
the names from the church register, since they represented people 
who had died or left the church. On the whole, though not in indi- 
vidual instances, these vacant spaces are again occupied by the names 
of active members. Hence these 19 stations had a net gain of only 
10.4 per cent., the membership having increased from 1,466 to 1,618 
souls. Prospects for future growth appear exceedingly favorable, 
particularly in the cities. 

Since January 1, 1931, the membership of the two Western and 
the 14 Northern parishes increased from 1,265 to 2,433 or 92.3 per 
cent. Speaking after the manner of men, four factors are responsible 
for this rapid, but permanent growth: the Negro population in the 
Northern cities has grown enormously since 1920; the Negro 
migrants, finding themselves among strangers, drifted away from 
their former churches; the Missionary Board as well as local city 
conferences erected churchly buildings for the colored missions, which 
inspired confidence in the permanency of the Lutheran church; 
finally, the missions were especially blessed with efficient and conse- 
crated missionaries, who day and night persuaded men, women, and 
children to be reconciled unto God. Present indications are that 
the future of these churches is even brighter than their past has 
been. Thinking people in greater numbers are taking note of them; 
for they have become a salt, a genuine influence, in their respective 
communities. 

The day-schools have been the means of indoctrinating the chil- 
dren, but they have not been the means of gaining the children for 
the church. For more than thirty years a school was conducted in 
a certain parish with one, two, and even three teachers; yet the 
church to-day numbers fewer than fifteen active communicant 
members. As a rule only such children have been gained for the 
church or have remained members in good standing as have parents 



who are members. Neither have Lutheran high schools furnished 
members. For a number of years our school was the only school in 
the city of Spartanburg, South Carolina, which offered courses 
beyond the grammar grades. Yet the communicant membership of 
the congregation at present numbers only 49, and of these 29 were 
gained since January, 1932. It is also significant that the larger 
and more permanent growth in this field is found in the Northern 
stations, which have no schools. Woodson's observations in his 
History of the Negro Church as to the graduates of denominational 
colleges are pertinent: "Negroes who went from these schools had, 
of course, the impress of the respective denominations to which they 
owed their education; but very often, as it was in the case of the 
Presbyterians, the denomination lost to the others of a more popular 
appeal most of the men which it trained. Lincoln and Biddle Uni- 
versities have by their training of men who, on leaving school, joined 
the Methodists or Baptists contributed to the success of these de- 
nominations." 

Compelled to operate on a greatly reduced budget, the Missionary 
Board made a careful survey of the various schools and then retained 
only such as are proving themselves to be nurseries of the churches. 

Sunday-schools are fostered in all churches. Children and adults 
who attend our Sunday-schools usually unite with the church. This 
summer the Sunday-school Convention, which met regularly years 
ago, will be revived. It may also be regarded as the first step toward 
forming a federation of young people's societies, at least in the 
Southeast. 

The average number of communions per member last year was 
about four. Frequent communing is stimluated by the monthly cele- 
brations in many of the churches and by the fact that we have mem- 
bers who are as devotedly attached to their church as the members 
in other missions. 

In five years 124 adults and 1,050 children were baptized; 
690 adults and 455 children were confirmed. Many children of Bap- 
tist parentage attend our day-schools, where they are urged to receive 
baptism. When the children reach the age of twelve or fourteen, 
some decide for the Baptist Church, or, as is more often the case, 
the parents refuse to give their consent to the confirmation of their 
children. The high rate of infant mortality among Negroes cannot 
be urged, since most of the 185 deaths reported during the period 
were those of adults. 

The average contribution for all purposes during 1935 was about 
$7.30 per communicant member. The educated as well as the illit- 
erate Negro's opportunities for profitable employment are circum- 
scribed in all sections of the country. However, the poverty of the 
members in this field has been grossly overemphasized. Our members 
are far from being the riffraff of their race; they belong to the 
middle class in the Southeast and to the upper middle class in the 
North. The church in Chicago, for example, has about twenty mem- 
bers who are in the employ of the Government mail service, and in 
St. Louis a goodly number are Government employees and teachers 
in the public and secondary school; others have equally satisfactory 
employment. Unemployment is far from being alarming either in 
the North or in the South. In fact, three churches in North Carolina 
would be paying the salaries of their pastors in full if they had been 
taught from the very beginning to contribute a larger share of these 



6 

local expenses. Woodson says in the history quoted above: "The 
Negro must eventually rely solely upon himself. . . . Not until he 
emerges from a state of dependency, can he hope to secure the recog- 
nition of the other groups. . . . The Negro institutions which . . . 
have learned to supply their own needs have made a step far in 
advance of those dependent on the whites. . . . The Virginia Theo- 
logical Seminary and College . . . depends for its support altogether 
upon Negroes, who contribute to it annually about $60,000. There 
is not in this country a Negro institution dominated by whites 
that can raise half of this sum in this way." Shrewd business men 
in the South regard mortgages on Negro church property as a fair 
risk, since the Negroes usually find the means for paying the instal- 
ments, although, it should also be added, Lutherans would frown 
on some of the methods employed for raising funds. 

Also the members of our churches are gradually learning the 
grace of Christian giving. In 1929, the annus mirabilis, when busi- 
ness was good and employment satisfactory, the churches in the 
present Eastern Field contributed about $16,800 for all purposes; 
last year, with business lagging and employment far below normal, 
the field raised $16,963.23. Moreover, due to better management, the 
congregations are to-day contributing more towards the salaries of 
their pastors than ever before. This progress becomes still more 
apparent when we remember that the Synodical Conference reduced 
its budget for Negro Missions during the period. A number of 
members are making a genuine sacrifice for their church. With the 
rarest exceptions, the pastors and teachers themselves are contrib- 
uting more than many others in similar circumstances would place 
into their church envelopes. 

The physical equipment of the congregations consists of 23 church- 
buildings; 6 combination church-and-school buildings; 3 school- 
buildings; 8 parsonages. The church at Washington worships in an 
assembly-room which the Y. W. C. A. furnished free of charge until 
this summer; in Baltimore our people pav $5 a month for the use 
of a hall in the Y. M. C. A. 

The church in Cincinnati dedicated a newly acquired two-story 
brick edifice on January 12, 1936. Work was begun in this city, in 
which every tenth man is a Negro, by the city missionary, Rev. 
George Kase, with a nucleus of one member in 1922. When the 
little flock numbered three communicants, the 1,500 Lutherans in the 
city raised $10,000 and on December 9, 1924, dedicated a renovated 
bath-house as a place of worship. Here the membership increased 
to 80 souls. In December, 1935, the Lutheran Federation sold this 
property to the Federal Housing Commission for $8,262.40 and 
reinvested $6,750 in a United Brethren church, located in a growing 
Negro community. This presentable building has created a stir 
among the Negroes, as is evidenced also by the average attendance 
at the services, which increased from 45 to 70 hearers. The mis- 
sionary, Rev. Omar F. Rau, estimates the church and a somewhat 
dilapidated dwelling, which was included in the purchase, to be 
worth about $15,000. The dwelling may, however, eventually prove 
to be a good investment. 

Fifteen of the frame church-buildings in the Southeast are 
badly in need of paint, and a number should have a new roof. If 
repairs are delayed beyond this fall, the buildings may be seriously 
damaged by next year. 



The buildings of Grace Church, Concord, North Carolina, the 
mother church in the Southeast, are perhaps the most dilapidated 
structures in the Synodical Conference. On several occasions officials 
of the State came prepared to condemn the school, but were restrained 
only by the pastor's promises of a new building. Because of the 
fire hazard a city ordinance will not permit the members to make 
major repairs. The property on which these frame buildings were 
erected was purchased by the members prior to the coming of the 
Synodical Conference in 1891. Less than a block from the heart 
of the white business district in a town of about 14,000, the two 
lots have greatly mounted in value and may bring as much as 
$15,000 in more normal times, an amount sufficient to pay for a new 
combination church and school on property bought by the Missionary 
Board in 1931. In view of the present low rate of interest on bor- 
rowed money the Missionary Board urgently requests the Synodical 
Conference to provide means for the immediate erection of a suitable 
building. 

St. Philip's in Cleveland was formerly one of the most hopeful 
stations in the North and even now numbers 175 baptized members 
and 86 communicants. Lately, however, reports were spread that 
the Lutheran Church was segregating the Negro by requiring him 
to worship in the school-hall in the rear of St. Peter's Church. This 
malicious propaganda has affected a number of the present member- 
ship, who in more reflective moments know how to appreciate the 
sacrifices Pastor Katt's congregation has brought that St. Philip's 
might prosper. The evil seed has been sown ; it may stunt the growth 
of the church for all times unless a more desirably located building 
is erected in the very near future. The city conference has elected 
a committee to examine sites for a new church and has encouraged 
the missionary, Rev. Ernst G. Mueller, to solicit funds in the various 
congregations. 

Grace Church in Washington has grown from six baptized mem- 
bers to 69. A church-building would attract many more people than 
the pastor can ever hope to gather in the Y. W. C. A. building. A suit- 
able building would also be a genuine investment, since the congre- 
gation may become self-supporting within a few years. 

The baptized membership of St. Matthew's in Baltimore in- 
creased from 23 to 72 since 1931. With a more churchly place of 
worship than the second floor of the Y. M. C. A. building this station 
undoubtedly would make even greater progress. On several occa- 
sions people whom the pastor met on week-days, turned back on 
Sundays when they beheld the hall in which services were being held. 

Bethany Congregation in Yonkers is paying five per cent, interest 
to a local bank on a $3,000 mortgage resting on its chapel, which was 
built in 1930 without the assistance of the Missionary Board. The 
Board desires the authority to refinance this loan at a lower rate oi 
interest. 

The constitutional committees which have been elected by the 
Synodical Conference from time to time have not succeeded in 
preparing a workable constitution under which the mission-congre- 
gations might form an organization, chiefly because the parishes 
are still being very heavily subsidized and, with comparatively few 
exceptions, will require financial assistance for years to come. The 



only questionable result, however, is that the two self-supporting 
churches are without definite and official synodical affiliation and 
admit only of the somewhat vague classification as Lutheran churches. 
The Missionary Board will give the problem further study. 

MISCELLANEA. 

Four members of Bakke's first confirmation class in North 
Carolina in 1892 are still active in the church at Concord. 

Thirty-three parishes, representing 3,618 baptized members, re- 
ported an average attendance at the main service in 1935 of 
42 per cent. 

Mrs. M. Baehler is conducting a Sunday-school for forty-five 
children at her home at 2617 A Baldwin Street, St. Louis. 

"Fifteen young men and women of our church are attending 
colleges and universities in five different States; one is at Greens- 
boro." — Schulze. 

St. Mark's at Winston- Salem has made little progress locally, 
but it did provide the nucleus of the flourishing church in 
Washington. 

The Sunday-school in Philadelphia (Paul Trumpoldt, pastor) 
has an enrolment of 200 pupils. It is the largest Sunday-school 
among the Synodical Conference churches in the city. 

Church attendance at Mount Pleasant, N. C, increased fifty per 
cent, in three years. The church is small; but it has furnished 
good members for other Lutheran churches in the State. 

For two successive years St. Luke's School, Spartanburg, S. C, 
has won a premium at the County Fair on its exhibits, consisting 
of Catechism, health, history, and English posters and note-books. 

Since January 1, 1932, Grace-Luther Memorial at Greensboro 
(P. D. Lehman, pastor) has increased its membership from 183 bap- 
tized members to 285; there are 207 communicant members and 
39 voting members. 

Services at Omaha, which are held in the dwelling of a member, 
are regularly attended by a group of five adults. Pastor George V. 
Weber deplores his inability to devote more time to the work, par- 
ticularly since his own congregation has erected a new building. 

"A man who had been a Mason for forty-six years was taken 
to a hospital. I visited him every week for eight months and also 
gave him books and pamphlets on the lodge. 'You'll never convince 
him,' said his relatives. The man was restored to health, dropped 
the lodge, and was confirmed." — Pflug. 

"We have outgrown our present quarters here at St. Philip's 
[Chicago]. The Lutheran Church is the Church for the thinking, 
the intelligent Negro. Our future is limited only by the grace of 
our God." — Carter. 

"In 1934, after six months of instruction, forty-eight adults were 
added to the church by confirmation or baptism. In 1935, after the 
same period of instruction, the same number of adults were added 
to the church. The opportunities for 1936 and 1937, as far as we 
can discern, are greater than they were in 1934 and 1935." — Schulze. 

"I can never forget a woman who was very much disturbed 



when she learned the true meaning of the Lord's Supper. She cried 
out: 'Why, oh, why, didn't that pastor teach us the truth? Have 
I partaken of the Lord's Supper to my damnation?'" — Fey. 

Booker T. Washington is quoted as authority for the statement : 
"Most Negroes are born Baptists; the rest are Methodists. When- 
ever I meet one who is neither a. Baptist nor a Methodist, I know that 
some white man has been meddling with that colored man's religion." 

Congregations which have voluntarily increased their contribu- 
tions towards the pastors' salaries since 1933, when the new economic 
policy was adopted by the Missionary Board: Concord (twice), 
Baltimore (twice), Mount Pleasant, St. Peter's, High Point, Los 
Angeles, Washington. 

St. Philip's in St. Louis has a double-header every Sunday to 
accommodate the many worshipers. The congregation in Buffalo 
was compelled to divide its Sunday-school into two sections. Five 
of the teachers instruct in both sessions and remain at church from 
nine until about one o'clock every Sunday. Usually they also attend 
the evening services. 

Pastor A. Ferber regularly conducts services at the Y. M. C. A. 
for Negro deaf-mutes in Greater Kansas City. Only the Lutheran 
Church is making an effort to reach these people in this city. — 
Rev. H. A. Hischke and Rev. Andrew Schulze invited the deaf-mutes 
in the vicinity of St. Philip's to attend a special service in the sign 
language on May 12, 1935. Twenty came, and efforts are now being 
made to establish a mission. 

Last year St. Peter's, a rural church, gained eleven members, 
including four adults, by Baptism. On an average, 90 per cent, of 
the total baptized membership of exactly fifty are in church every 
Sunday. None live closer than a mile; some walk five miles to 
church. Most of the mileage on several model T's was made by 
driving to church. The members decided to give their pastor, Rev. M. 
J. Holsten, a surprise last summer and decorated the interior of the 
church during his absence on a vacation. 

"Who has been baptized?" the children of a day-school were 
asked. A thirteen-year-old girl who had been born in a Lutheran 
home failed to raise her hand. The pastor, who is also the teacher, 
called to her, "Raise your hand. You've been baptized." Hesitatingly 
the little girl raised her hand and said, "I've been sprinkled." After 
school the pastor said to his visitor: "The children can't believe 
that sprinkling is as effective as immersing. They would feel surer 
if they had been immersed." 

One of the pastors, when visiting the day-schools, invariably 
asks the children, "How are we saved?" On one occasion, after the 
children of the lower grades had spent themselves shouting, "Be 
good"; "go to church"; "read the Bible," etc., a timid little girl in 
a voice just above a whisper said, "Carry in the wood." Several 
weeks later the teacher of this school burst into tears on receiving 
the same type of answers whenever she varied the form of the above 
question in the least. 

Three times on Sundays and once during the week through 
a period of nine months a pastor taught the answer to the question 
"What must I do to be saved?" And still an answer meaning in 
substance, "Carry in the wood," leaps from the lips of his people in 



io 

unguarded moments. The Synodical Conference is not spending 
too much money in this mission; it ought to spend more. 

Unemployment among the Los Angeles members reached its 
peak in 1935; but the attendance at the services attained its highest 
point during this dark period. When conditions improved this 
spring, the members immediately reduced their subsidy. The minis- 
trations of the pastor, Rev. John McDavid, extend also to the inmates 
of the County Farm and of the General Hospital. Several former 
patients at the hospital are now members of the church. The organi- 
zations in the church include a choir, a men's club, and a ladies' 
missionary society. 

If the total receipts of the congregations listed below were 
credited to the accounts of the communicant members only, the 
average annual contribution for all purposes would be as follows: 
Buffalo, $17.50 (the average annual amount actually received in the 
envelopes is $12) ; Philadelphia, $12 ; Chicago, High Point, Spartan- 
burg, Charlotte (Mount Zion), $10; St. Louis (St. Philip's), $9.40; 
Kannapolis, Greensboro, Cleveland, Cincinnati, $5 to $6; Winston- 
Salem, $4; Rockwell, $3; Meherrin, $2. 

"After a pastorate of seven and one half years the membership 
of St. Luke's, High Point, N. C, has increased from nineteen souls 
to ninety-nine. Our day-school is well attended, and it has been our 
regular annual experience that we have to turn away applicants 
for lack of room. Most of our pupils are regular attendants of our 
services. We are not without members of exceptional loyalty and 
consecration. Only to-day one of our young men told of having 
lost his pocketbook in a shopping crowd last night. It contained 
most of his week's wages. He only had a little change left, which 
happened to be in another pocket. Yet he and his wife gave 
seventy-five cents to the Lord and were thankful for their many 
blessings." — Shufelt. 

The Lutheran Charity Club of Cleveland donated more than $100 
to St. Philip's and promised to assist the church also in the future. — 
A special Colored Mission Society, composed of the members of our 
white churches in St. Louis, has worked with Grace and St. Philip's 
for many years. — A Ladies' Mission Society (white) was organized 
this spring to aid St. Matthew's Church in Baltimore. The society 
has purchased six hymn-books and assisted the pastor in a canvass 
of new territory in the city. It also provides carfare to enable 
a poor, but efficient teacher to be present every Sunday at Sunday- 
school. Organizations of this type are needed also in other cities. 

The Phifer family of the Richard Hudnut firm erected two 
buildings, costing in the neighborhood of $200,000, on the campus of 
one of the five colleges for Negroes in Greensboro. — Concord, the 
oldest Lutheran church for Negroes in North Carolina, needs a new 
church-building. What an opportunity for a wealthy Lutheran to 
build a memorial church ! Future generations will say : "He loveth 
our nation, and he hath built us a synagog," Luke 7, 5. 

"In the prospect files there are more than 250 names. This 
number could be augmented to 500 by means of a community canvass. 
A plan is under way to erect a second modest chapel at a distance 
of one and one half miles of the present church. An assistant is 
to be employed to help the pastor to develop the above prospects. 



11 

It is planned to continue to add new members to the congregation 
until the second chapel has been erected, at which time St. Philip's 
will be in a position to release a very large nucleus for the estab- 
lishment of the second chapel." — Schulze. 

"See here," said one of my older members, a red-cap, to a younger 
fellow-laborer at the New York Central Terminal, as he took him 
by the arm and led him away privately, "see here, why do you 
always pester me with your half-baked ideas about God and man? 
Suppose you did cause me to lose my Christian faith, what have 
you to offer me to take the place of my Savior Jesus Christ, in whom 
I put my whole trust ?" My man is still known as the "deacon" ; but 
the mouths of some of the "fools," who, by the way, have college 
diplomas, have been stopped." — Pflug. 

To open a new mission requires faith and zeal ; to continue a new 
mission after the opening services requires a double portion of faith 
and zeal. Rev. Katt's members canvassed a large section of Cleve- 
land in 1926; found 350 unchurched people; scores of children eager 
for a Sunday-school; called a candidate from St. Louis; widely 
advertised the opening service by means of handbills; imported two 
good speakers for the event on September 5; did an enormous 
amount of follow-up work during the ensuing week; expected 200 
visitors at the installation service on the 12th. Sunday dawned 
clear and bright. Two Negroes attended the services. A year later 
seventy witnessed the confirmation of four persons. 

"One balmy afternoon I started to make a few calls at the homes 
of some of our schoolchildren at High Point. At last there was 
just one more home left on my list for the afternoon. But as 
I neared the point where I must turn to reach this home, I was seized 
by an inexplicable desire to hasten home. So, when I reached the 
turning-point, my footsteps were automatically turned homeward. 
Scarcely had I reached my room, when the ambulance came screaming 
down the street. During a drunken brawl a man had been fatally 
wounded at the very house I had planned to visit. And the mother 
whom I had planned to visit was lodged in jail for keeping a dis- 
orderly house. I would also have been arrested if I had made that 
visit. Truly, Ps. 91, 11 applies." — Miss Ora Graeber. 

"Once, while conversing with some would-be prospects, a mis : 
sionary had this experience. During the very lively conversation 
the term 'sinner' was used. The missionary, knowing the wide-spread 
ignorance of the meaning of the term, endeavored to explain. 'Yes,' 
said he, 'we are all sinners. I, too, am a sinner.' There was a pin- 
drop silence, a silence like that following an explosion. The mis- 
sionary continued: 'But I am a sinner saved by grace, and that 
makes me a Christian. So now through faith in Jesus, although 
I daily sin much and indeed deserve nothing but punishment, I am 
saved. I trust in Jesus. I trust in Him because He died for me 
and shed His blood for me on the cross for the forgiveness of my 
sins.'. The silence continued. Finally some members of the group 
ventured to ask a few questions. Soon the group broke up; one by 
one they left. The missionary was a sinner !" — Ora Graeber. 

"According to the reports of the police and the Urban League our 
Grace Mission is located in the worst district in St. Louis. But I was 
also told at the police-station, the city hall, and at the Urban League 
that our church has been a blessing to this community. City officials 



12 

have advised me against seeking a better location and declared that 
we can do the greatest amount of good for the betterment of mankind 
right where we are at 18th and Wash streets. — Since July, 1929, 
I baptized 124, confirmed 62, and lost 17 communicants by death, etc. 
Other churches are continually trying to coax our children and mem- 
bers away to be class-leaders, Sunday-school teachers, and officers." 

John Fey. 
Statements like these cause the collective heart of the Missionary 
Board to bleed. What shall we do? Shall we continue to support 
two workers in this parish of sixty communicants, where we have 
labored for thirty-three years, or shall we employ only one worker 
and assign the other to a new field, which is white unto the harvest? 
Surely, we must also give the people in other regions an opportunity 
to hear the Gospel. 

Immanuel Lutheran College, Greensboro, N. C. 

BIENNIAL REPORT, 1934 — 1936. 

Immanuel Lutheran College, Greensboro, North Carolina, has 
this year completed the thirty-second year of its work. Through the 
grace of the Lord of the Church the institution has been enabled 
to carry on during the past biennium without any serious interrup- 
tion of its work, although several temporary changes in the faculty 
as well as extreme financial stringencies among the students, as 
among the Negro population in general, made the administration 
of its affairs more burdensome than usual. 

Program. — The work of the institution includes an eight-year 
program and embraces at present the following divisions : — 

The High School, which offers a standard four-year course 
preparatory to the normal and theological courses as well as a general 
secondary education in accordance with sound and positive Lutheran 
principles and teachings. 

The Junior College, Normal Department, which offers the usual 
two-year courses in general college work and particularly in peda- 
gogical subjects for Lutheran teachers and general school-work. This 
division as well as the High School has been organized so efficiently 
that it is fully accredited by the State Department of Education for 
both college and normal work, — a standard which few institutions 
in our circles enjoy. This department gives to our theological as well 
as normal students a thorough Christian and professional preparation 
for service in our missions. 

The Theological Seminary is organized on a purely practical 
basis, its work extending over a four-year period. Upon completion 
of their high-school course, theological students pursue one year of 
general college work, which includes normal courses and two in 
theology ; in their second year half of their work is in general college 
or foundational subjects and half in theology; in the third and 
fourth years they pursue theological courses only. The work covered 
gives a thorough preparation for both pastoral and teaching duties. 

Faculty, Administration. — The regular faculty includes six male 
professors (white) and one Negro woman as part-time instructor 
in music. One Negro matron, who also serves as cook, is the only 
employee, all other work being done by faculty and students. 



13 

Dr. H. Nau was on leave of absence for the second semester in 
1935 and again in 1936, with leave extending to September, 1937. 
Prof. W. H. Beck took a leave of absence for one year to complete his 
work toward his doctoral degree. These temporary vacancies were 
filled through the assistance of Pastor Lehman and Miss Bernice 
Holley of Greensboro, Student John Nau, and Candidate N. Hasz. 

Dr. F. Berg, after fifty-seven years in office, twenty -four at Im- 
manuel College, tendered his resignation during the summer of 1935, 
but was called back to teach for another year since no successor could 
be secured to take over the courses proposed by the faculty. He is 
definitely retiring with this year, at the age of eighty. This year 
marked his twenty -fifth as professor at the College; from 1911 to 
1919 he served as president. This anniversary was appropriately 
observed by the faculty and workers with a special service during 
commencement, on May 26, at which the Missionary Board presented 
Dr. Berg with a printed, leather-bound memento of appreciation, and 
the workers with a purse ; the local Ebenezer Congregation in another 
service also paid him honor and presented him with a gold watch. 
On June 5 the faculty of Concordia Seminary bestowed on the 
venerated worker the well-merited degree of Doctor of Divinity. 

The administration of the institution is divided among the presi- 
dent and several faculty members. Since the institution employs no 
help, all work devolves upon the students. 

Each member of the faculty carries a teaching load of at least 
twenty-five periods a week, including work in both the High School 
and College or Seminary divisions. The character of the work, poor 
educational background and preparation of students, * together with 
many administrative duties, makes the load abnormally heavy, so 
that some relief is becoming more and more necessary. 

Salaries are still at the low levels to which they were reduced, 
and with mounting prices, it is becoming imperative that some part 
of this cut be restored. Living costs in Greensboro are unusually high. 

Two deaths are to be recorded : Mrs. Berg, the aged and invalided 
wife of Dr. F. Berg, and Captain S. A. Reid, husband of the matron 
and for many years supervisor of the male students, who gave much 
in voluntary service to the institution. Both passed away during 
the summer of 1935. 

Enrolment. — The enrolments have shown an increase for each 
year, especially in the Junior College division, which was opened 
in 1931. Due to the constant increase in the number of Negro high 
schools, the enrolment in the Academic, or High-school, Division is 
becoming rather small, in the forties at present. The Junior College 
enrolment is increasing each year, in keeping with the general trend 
in other institutions. 

About 60 per cent, of the students in the High School and 30 per 
cent, of those in the Junior College are residents of Greensboro. 
Somewhat more than one-third of the students are from other States 
than North Carolina, chiefly from Alabama and Louisiana, though 
also six other States are represented. 

Sixty-five per cent, of the students are members of the Lutheran 
Church. In addition to daily instruction in Lutheran doctrine in all 
classes as well as daily chapel and devotion a catechumenal class is 
conducted by the local pastor for a sizable group of students who each 
year join the Lutheran Church. 



14 



During the past biennium the enrolment was constituted as 

follows : — 1934—1935 1935—1936 

Theological Seminary (Juniors and 

Seniors) 10 8 

Junior College — Normal (including 

theological students) 31 12 male 41 14 male 

19 female 27 female 

High School 45 21 male 47 23 male 

24 female 24 female 

Totals 86 43 male 96 45 male 

43 female 51 female 

Theological Seminary 

Ministerial Students and Junior College High School Total 

1935—1936 13 9 22 

1934—1935 12 10 22 

Lutheran Normal 

1935—1936 7 3 10 

1934—1935 5 2 7 



The enrolment throughout the history of the institution shows 
the need of more Lutheran students. The major difficulty and 
obstacle is the poverty among our Lutheran people, which keeps 
many who otherwise would like to attend from enrolling. The insti- 
tution has sought to keep expenses at a minimum and offers lower 
rates than is done anywhere else. The total expense for board, tuition, 
and books in the High School amounts to $125 a year; in the Junior 
College to $145, excluding books. To this must be added traveling 
expenses, clothing, and personal needs. Due to the spread of the 
mission-field traveling expenses run rather high. 

These figures, however, are even higher than those prevailing at 
the majority of our white institutions, where people are better able 
to pay than is the case in the Negro congregations. Yet we expect 
these charges to pay the total cost of board, fuel, and light, with 
the exception of salaries and repairs. 

Most theological students are receiving aid from the Missionary 
Board to meet their board and tuition; a few are receiving aid 
privately. These students, however, have virtually no funds at their 
disposal for books and personal needs, because they rarely secure 
help from their people at home; work during summer vacations is 
difficult to find. There is much demand from applicants for financial 
aid, and most requests must be turned down. 

It is becoming more and more necessary that more Lutheran 
students be aided during these times of financial stringency, where 
conditions among Negro citizens throughout the country are most 
deplorable. Many of our Lutheran people would very gladly under- 
take to help individual students if their needs could be presented 
to them. More Lutheran students would give the institution a better 
chance to select the better types of students for mission-work, and 
thus our work would benefit in many ways. It is therefore hoped 
that the members of the Synodical Conference will approve the 
request that appeals for indigent students' support be permitted in 
our papers and otherwise, so that the institution will be able to 
build even more solidly for the future of the mission and the exten- 
sion of the Kingdom among the Negro population. 

W. H. Beck, Secretary. 



__ 15 

THE ALABAMA FIELD. 

B. Westcott, Superintendent. 

The records show that Alabama has 944,834 Negroes; of these 
2,488 are Lutherans. As one travels through the State of Alabama, 
the Lutheran chapels in their uniformity of construction and paint 
stand out very conspicuously and therefore draw the attention of the 
visitor to the fact that the pure Gospel is being preached in this 
State. We have thirty-three organized congregations in this field. 

Much has been done in the past years and opportunities for 
more work are unlimited. The congregations at Montrose and Vine- 
land plan to build their own chapels. This will be the first attempt 
of this kind in Alabama. A new chapel was erected in Pensacola, 
Florida, in 1935 with funds available for this purpose. 

Ingomar has one lone member left. The station as such has 
been abandoned, but the member is being taken care of by a neigh- 
boring pastor. The teacherage was taken down and the material 
trucked to Rock West and there erected as a parsonage. Most-needed 
repairs have been made at the Alabama Lutheran Academy and on 
a number of chapels. The Tilden parsonage should be replaced. 

The Atlanta station has received severe setbacks, but we hope 
that persistency will prevail and the station will come into its own 
soon again. 

Two candidates received calls and are working very successfully 
in line with their coworkers. Mobile will receive a candidate from 
Concordia Seminary. Our greatest handicap is the lack of workers. 

At the beginning of the year our records for this field showed 
2,615 baptized members, 1,383 communicant members, 334 voting 
members, 30 day-schools with an enrolment of 1,114, and 34 Sunday- 
schools with a total of 1,616 pupils. 

Selma. 

Selma is the home of our Alabama Lutheran Academy, which has 
an enrolment of fifty-seven students and a teaching staff consisting 
of two teachers and a pastor. We also have two mission-stations in 
Selma : Trinity Congregation, which holds its services in the Academy 
chapel and St. Timothy Congregation in • East Selma, which is 
a private venture of the Alabama field. 

The following interesting incident occurred in connection with 
the work at East Selma. Several years ago Alabama Lutheran Pas- 
toral Conference convened at St. Timothy, East Selma. At the 
public session in the evening a paper on "Infant Baptism" was read. 
During the general discussion which followed a Baptist preacher 
arose to oppose the Lutheran doctrine and practise. So obstinately 
persistent was the opposition that the Rev. C. was silenced only after 
all our pastors had spoken, some once, others twice. 

The next school term a little girl enrolled in our school and 
attended Sunday-school regularly — the Rev. C.'s daughter. From an 
interview with him it was evident that he had learned something 
about our mission. "There's no use hopping around," he said, "seek- 
ing ground to set out your plants, when the soil at your door can 
grow good potatoes. If the soil is good enough to set out the vine, 
it's good enough to make the potato." Unlike many non-Lutherans, 
he does not intend to send his child to the seventh grade and then 
to send her elsewhere; but he wants her to become a Lutheran and 



16 

continue to "the top." Two terms ago when the school was badly 
disorganized and a Lutheran family across the street took their chil- 
dren out, Rev. C. sent Carrie every day and successfully stopped the 
snipers. — A. D. 

Birmingham. 

It is indeed a pleasure to labor in the service of the Lord, even 
though sometimes many years pass before we see the fruit of our 
labors. We gladly continue to work, trusting in Him who has prom- 
ised that His Word shall not return unto Him void. Only a few 
months ago we had the happy experience of gaining a man whom 
we have sought for the past ten years. He is now a fine member 
of Pilgrim Lutheran Church. May the Lord enable us to con- 
tinue laboring in His service, faithfully trusting in Him and His 
Word! — W.T.E. 

Rosebud. 

Although Rosebud, the oldest congregation in Alabama, can 
boast a regular attendance at church services, yet it often has the 
lowest financial report. This is due in part to the fact that our 
members do not receive cash for their labor and the farmers must 
take the price of their produce out in trade. It is also discouraging 
to report that there are some who seem to have joined the congre- 
gation only for earthly gain, that is, for the old clothes and Christmas 
bags that were formerly distributed to the members. Since these 
gifts have stopped, they have become delinquents. These conditions 
constitute a real task for the pastor. 

Of course, the congregation has its bright side, too. There are 
those who do their Christian duty to the best of their ability, who 
contribute the little cash they receive and at other times bring their 
contribution in the form of produce. The younger people especially 
seem to be interested in the welfare of the church. 

After instruction on what position a Christian should take 
against false churches the pastor found that the non-Lutherans in 
the neighborhood had their own particular name for him. They 
would say: "He tells them [his members] what to do, where to go, 
and they obey him." However, it was encouraging to know that the 
people heeded their pastor's words of warning and discontinued their 
practise of attending services in other churches. — T. D. J. 

Camden, Possum Bend, and Longmile. 

In Wilcox County we have 17 congregations and preaching-places. 
Camden is the county seat; hence the Camden Circuit is the center, 
or hub, of Lutheranism in Wilcox County. 

The three congregations are in an almost straight line. Camden, 
with its 95 souls, comes first. About four miles farther south is 
Possum Bend, numbering 169 souls, and five miles from Possum 
Bend is Longmile, with its 49 souls. 

The great poverty of the Negro of the South need not here be 
mentioned. The fact that by far the majority live from hand to 
mouth is well established. Yet, in spite of their poverty, our com- 
municants of this circuit pay approximately half of their pastor's 
salary each month. 

Many of the "old timers" at Possum Bend remember texts and 
sometimes the theme and parts of sermons preached to them by 
Pastors Bakke, Schmidt, Carter, and others many years ago. 

One of the oldest members of Longmile in point of age is Aunt 



17 

Willie, a shut-in. She is too old, nervous, and shaky to walk very far. 
It is a pleasure for your missionary to visit her. She comforts us 
as we comfort her. She knows her Bible and daily reads in it. For 
every want, distress, and trouble she has her appropriate Scripture- 
passage. She eagerly reads her church-paper (Missionary Lutheran) 
and is second-ranking contributor to her church and missions. One 
of the most inspiring services we ever witnessed was a Communion 
service at her home. How she loves to confess her sins and receive 
absolution and the Lord's Supper! Often the pastor, knowing her 
condition, has refused gifts of edibles, etc., offered to him personally. 
Needless to say that in spite of her liberality she knows no want and 
is more prosperous than her neighbors. — L. H. M. 

Buena Vista. 

Work was begun here by Rosa Young in 1916. During the 
twenty years of this station's existence nearly a thousand children's 
names have been written into the day-school register. — R. E. N. 

Ackerville. 

Due to adverse conditions our church has never been a flourish- 
ing one, for Ackerville is noted for its rough people, who, both young 
and old, are greatly given to strong drink. Although we have labored 
under such unlimited opposition, yet the Word of God has plowed 
the hearts of some of these ungodly people, and they are faithful 
and loyal to their Church. — C. D. P. 

Hamburg. 

On the public road leading from Snow Hill to Oak Hill, Ala- 
bama, you see an attractive little building. "What beautiful building 
is that?" the traveler asks. 

"Gethsemane Ev. Luth. Church and School," is the unexpected 
answer. 

Not far from the church an old dilapidated building is seen. 
The traveler is surprised to hear that this old building is the place 
where the mission started. 

Our church at Hamburg is a lighthouse, spreading its glorious 
rays both far and near. "This place would be the darkest corner in 
Alabama were it not for the Lutheran Church," said one who is not 
a member of our church. 

Miss Rosa Young, the founder of the Lutheran Church in Ala- 
bama, is a member of Gethsemane Church. Her God-fearing example 
and Christian influence are felt in every nook and corner of the sur- 
rounding country. 

There are two old, sick members, a man and his wife, who walk 
seven miles to church to hear the Gospel. On one occasion when 
an extra contribution was called for, a faithful old member who had 
nothing to give sold her last hen and gave the money to the Lord. 

The young people here have organized a Walther League and 
are very active in the work of the Lord. — C. D. P. 

Ingomar. 

The people of Ingomar are very religious, and many Baptist 
churches are found here. It is said that every fourth man in Ingomar 
is a preacher; most of them, however, are ignorant, not being able 
to read or write. 



18 

Our Work began here in a dilapidated building. Crowds of 
people came to our services, and the children flocked to our school and 
received a Christian education. A neat little church with a school 
adjoining it was built. But soon the devil began to do his work ; the 
ignorant preachers prejudiced the minds and hearts of the people 
against our Church. As a result only a few joined the church. Most 
of these were old people, who have died and gone to their eternal rest. 
Other members moved away, so that now only one member remains, 
Brother Sam Thomas. On one occasion Brother Thomas stated: 
"As long as a piece of brick or lumber is found on the ground, I will 
be found here also. I will remain a Lutheran until death." — C. D. P. 

Tilden. 

The church and school here are situated on a hill surrounded by 
a forest of beautiful pines and oaks. The people of the community 
call this place Luther Hill. Since the organization of the congre- 
gation, in 1916, the pure Gospel has been preached and a Christian 
education has been given to all who have attended our school. The 
large crowds that once attended our church are not seen to-day. Some 
have died, others have moved to the cities of Mobile, Selma, and 
Birmingham and joined our Lutheran churches there. Still others 
have lost their faith and have fallen away from the Church. How- 
ever, the work here has borne abundant fruit. 

An old member of our congregation at Tilden said some time 
ago: "I want to live and die near Mount Calvary. I never want to 
go so far from that church that I can't hear the bell ring." By God's 
grace Mount Calvary still has faithful members who will remain 
with her and their Savior until death. — C. D. P. 

Catherine. 

In spite of the many problems connected with the work in Ala- 
bama joy is derived from labor, especially when one sees the fruit of 
his labor as I am permitted to see it in Catherine. Three years ago 
these people had no respect for the Word of God nor for the house 
of God. They talked, laughed, passed in and out during services, 
and even came somewhat intoxicated. To-day disorder is almost 
a thing of the past. — G. S. R. 

King's Landing 1 . 

It is a blessing, yea, a blessed privilege, to "work together with 
God" in gathering souls for the last and final harvest. True, even in 
this glorious work, there are moments or times of discouragement, 
heartache, tears, and sorrow; but the joys, although fewer in num- 
ber, ever encourage us to press onward, upward, in this glorious soul- 
winning and soul-saving work. For God's Word, even in these last, 
evil days, is still working miracles upon the hearts and lives of man- 
kind. This cheering fact, like the rays of the sun piercing the clouded 
sky, thrusts itself forward and brings joys which far surpass the 
sorrows. 

Down here on the cotton-plantation lived an old man, Isaiah 
Jones, a laborer for fifty years as a Baptist "parson," now cast aside, 
disgusted with man and God, and hostile to the new church which 
has just sprung up — the Lutheran church. A few months after 
the death of his wife, who had been a faithful member of the church 
in spite of her husband's attitude, the "cursing preacher" invited 



19 

me to come often and talk with him. After having received many 
invitations to come to church, he promised, "I shall be with you 
Sunday." True to his ■ word, he was there when Sunday came. 
Monday morning successive raps brought us to the door. What did 
we behold? Seated upon the floor was "Old Man Jones," — no; we 
had better say "Brother Jones," — perspiration trickling down his 
brow, sparkling eyes streaming with tears, while he uttered between 
sobs the never-to-be-forgotten words "That text, that text (Matt. 
18, 23 — 35), I had never seen it in that light. I've come here for you 
to unlock the church-door and take me in this morning." He was 
no more the proud, boastful, defiant, cursing preacher, but a humble, 
repentant sinner, pleading for God's mercy. The day of his con- 
firmation was one of joy for himself, the congregation, and the angels 
of God. Two weeks later he was laid to rest besides the little church 
in the woods to await the Last Day, when the same God who had 
wrought such a miracle will raise him to everlasting joy and happi- 
ness. — D. R. 

Atmore. 

"Ebenezer," — how does this name apply to the congregation ? 
was one of the first questions that came to me when I took charge 
of this station in 1934. Recently, after the close of a Sunday morn- 
ing service, the chairman, speaking to the voting members of the 
congregation, remarked: "Brethren, this is the kind of service we 
have been working for since we began work in Atmore — a service 
well attended, especially by fellow church-members, and as profitable 
as the one we had to-day. Thank God, the Lord has helped us get 
what we have been working for." It was at that moment that the 
answer to my question flashed before me. That moment I saw that 
the name "Ebenezer — hitherto hath the Lord helped us" does fit the 
congregation. The Lord hath helped us from our small beginning 
to the witnessing of such a wonderful service. Ebenezer! yes, 
Ebenezer ! — B. L. T. 

LOUISIANA. 
G. Kramer, Superintendent. 

Louisiana records a population of 776,326 Negroes, of whom 2,258 
are Lutherans. Some of the outstanding occurrences of the last two 
years are the following : — 

The old Concordia property, New Orleans, was sold for a cash 
consideration. Concordia Congregation relocated and is now worship- 
ing in the remodeled portable formerly used at St. Paul's. The relo- 
cation and attractive building have created new interest, and the con- 
gregation is now looking forward to a healthy growth. 

St. Paul's School now occupies the former Luther Preparatory 
School building. 

The Napoleonville property has been disposed of. 

In Hickory Hill property has been bought, and a chapel is being- 
erected from the funds provided by a good friend of the mission. 

Jackson, Mississippi, which now belongs to the Louisiana Eield, 
is greatly in need of a chapel. The people there have been worshiping 
in a private home. 

Repairs : The parsonage at Mansura is being repaired during 
these summer months. 

Pastors C. P. Thompson and E. R. Berger have observed their 
twenty-fifth anniversary since our last meeting. 



20 

At the beginning* of 1936 our Louisiana Field showed 2,066 bap^ 
tized members, 1,064 communicants, 190 voting members, 6 day- 
schools with a total enrolment of 886, and 8 Sunday-schools with an 
attendance of 922 pupils. 

New Orleans. 

Bethlehem. 

Bethlehem is our third-oldest and third-largest congregation in 
New Orleans. For many years Bethlehem, though smallest in num- 
ber, stood at the head of our local congregations in contributions 
and church attendance. Now it has fallen back to third place. Very 
few of our members have had any income during the depression years. 
Quite a number are past the working age and are kept alive by 
Government agencies. Some have found shelter in the Home for 
the Aged. The younger generation has grown up during the years 
in which no work could be found and has therefore developed into 
a shiftless class, which is of no service to congregational life 
financially. 

Bethlehem now numbers, after the rolls have been purged, 
330 souls, 159 communicant members, 20 voting members. The day- 
school is attended by 269 pupils and the Sunday-school by 228. On 
the first Sunday in May eight children were confirmed and ten chil- 
dren were baptized; three of these were of the confirmation class. 

One of my members, who for years was the best contributor in 
Bethlehem Congregation, was forced by sickness and the depression to 
seek shelter in the Home for the Aged, together with her aged mother. 
When the contribution envelopes for 1936 were given out, I naturally 
did not give her a set. She looked at me with a somewhat longing 
and hurt look in her eyes. I understood and offered her a set, with 
the explanation that I knew her financial circumstances and did not 
want to make her heart still heavier by giving her envelopes. She 
replied, "Well, Pastor, give me a set, I don't know what I will do 
with them; but, then, you never know what the Lord may da" 
A few weeks ago she joyfully told me that she had grown stronger 
again and her "madam," the lady she formerly worked for, had 
given her a few days work every week. And then she continued, 
"Remember what I said when you gave me the envelopes? Now 
I can make use of them, after all." And her envelopes she did bring. 
I am wondering how much she is getting for such work as she can do. 
Precious little! Yet her first thought was of her envelopes. If that 
spirit were found in all the members of all our churches, who could 
stop the mighty onward surge of our Lutheran Church ? — G.M. K. 

Concordia. 

Concordia Congregation is beginning to show new life. Here we 
were handicapped by lack of a proper building for many years. In the 
summer of 1935 the old portable school standing on the grounds of 
St. Paul's, down-town, was taken apart and set up again on the new 
building site purchased for Concordia. With a few alterations this 
otherwise useless building was changed into a neat little chapel. The 
old building was sold. With the new building new interest has come 
into Concordia. The congregation now numbers 50 souls, 38 com- 
municant members, and 10 voting members. The Sunday-school has 
an enrolment of 25 children. — G. M. K. 



21 

Mount Zion. 

The Sunday morning service is attended by about 25 adults, 
25 confirmed children, and 125 unconfirmed children. Immediately 
upon the singing of the after-sermon hymn, the teachers take their 
classes to the schoolrooms for the Sunday-school lesson, while the 
adults have Bible class with the pastor. They carry their own Bibles 
and hymnals. Communion is given bimonthly, in an evening service 
and a morning service, with an attendance of thirty to thirty-five. 
The day-school has an enrolment of 260. Our aim "Every day-school 
pupil a church-member" has not yet been achieved. Ten children were 
confirmed in May, after a two-year attendance in the confirmation 
class. The eighth grade (first-year high school) has been added to our 
school, holding the newly confirmed for the church and enabling us 
to select students for the ministerial course at Greensboro. Two of 
Mount Zion's boys graduated from the theological department in 
Greensboro this spring ; two others are well on their way ; three more 
plan to enter in September. 

We are happy to report a slow, but gradual winning of adults 
.from among the schoolchildren's parents. Herbert McLean entered 
Mount Zion School five years ago, was soon baptized and confirmed, 
persuaded his mother and stepfather to become legally married, got 
his sister baptized and into the school, his mother confirmed, and now, 
while Herbert is at Immanuel College, his stepfather and brother 
are beginning their instruction for confirmation. This is but one 
example. 

Congregational discipline is being conscientiously carried on, 
continuously, even where it seems very difficult and futile, following 
our Lord's command. — 0. W. L. 

St. Paul's. 

To establish a Lutheran congregation in a locality where the Lu- 
theran Church is little known or where it is not known at all often 
proves a very great task. Our first missionaries who were sent to New 
Orleans to establish colored congregations in that city found that out. 
To-day we look back to the early struggles and admire the patience 
and zeal and devotion of our first missionaries in New Orleans among 
the colored people, and we thank God that he made them the men 
they were. But we also ask God to make us more like our first mis- 
sionaries and teachers — more patient, more zealous in the work of the 
Lord, more devoted to the Lord's cause. 

The persistent spreading of the Gospel among a people who all 
their lifetime had been chiefly under sectarian influence at length bore 
visible fruit in St. Paul's Congregation. 

Fifty-five years have now elapsed since St. Paul's Congregation 
was established by God's grace. How do we find the congregation 
to-day? We are happy to be able to report that at this writing 
St. Paul's Congregation numbers 556 baptized members and 309 com- 
municant members. Our average attendance at our Sunday services 
is around 110. There are 136 children enrolled in our day-school, 
which is taught by two male colored teachers. Almost 80 of the 
136 children enrolled in our day-school are children from our con- 
gregation. There are 136 children enrolled in our Sunday-school and 
47 confirmed young people in the Bible class. The congregation has 
37 voting members and a ladies' aid society of 25 members. The con- 
gregation is lodge-free, and only recently it decided to make more 



22 

strenuous efforts to train young and old to contribute better, so that, 
if possible, St. Paul's may become self-supporting. 

Through the years it has been our endeavor to keep our people in 
sound doctrine and to lead them ever deeper into it ; it has been our 
endeavor by the Gospel to conquer the hearts of the members more 
and more for Jesus and to make them greater lights and a better salt. 
Our members have also increased in spiritual knowledge and under- 
standing and have consequently become more serious Christians and 
Lutherans who are adorning the Gospel of Christ with a Christian life. 

The future of St. Paul's Congregation calls for conscientious and 
aggressive pastors and teachers who give themselves with heart and 
soul to the Lord's work. The past called for such men, the present 
calls for such men, and the future calls for such men. There is much 
material in the vicinity of St. Paul's, and more material will come. 
At the present writing there are thirty-four 100-per-cent. Lutheran 
families in St. Paul's Congregation. Our best members come from 
these homes, and therefore we should strain ourselves to build more 
such homes. — To induce all our members to send their children to 
our school, the day may come when we must make our school a free 
school. We would have more Lutheran children in our school right 
now if no tuition would be charged. 

Trinity. 

Trinity Congregation is a daughter of St. Paul's Congregation. 
Its origin dates back to the days of the Rev. E. Schmidt, then pastor 
of St. Paul's Congregation. The present pastor serves in the dual 
capacity of pastor and teacher. The present standing of the congrega- 
tion is 144 souls, 85 communicants, and 17 voting members. Our 
attendance at divine services and the Lord's Supper is gratifying. 
Conservatively speaking, for the past three years our Sunday services 
have enjoyed an average attendance of 86 each Sunday, 42 of which 
are adults. The average number of those having communed over the 
same period is 40. 

Two years ago, in keeping with a resolution of the Missionary 
Board, the entire mission was placed on the budget plan. Our congre- 
gation has since then met its monthly obligation of $25, taken care 
of its current expenses, and sent a small contribution of $30 to the 
Missionary Board. 

The prospective growth of the congregation is not exciting, but 
bright. At present the pastor is instructing one adult, with three 
other prospects to join later. A canvass of this community made 
recently by our Bible class and the pastor shows a glaring number of 
unchurched people. The day-school and Sunday-school are also on the 
up grade. The enrolment at present is 87, with an average attendance 
of about 70. All children attending our day-school also attend our 
Sunday-school and church services. 

In closing, may we say the proper training of the young in our 
school is radiated into many homes, and who can measure the eternal 
consequences? Our Lord says, "My Word shall not return unto Me 
void ; but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper 
in the thing whereto I sent it." To Him, then, be all glory ! — L. R. 

Alexandria. 

After we had worshiped more than four years in a little shanty, 
the present church- and school-building was erected. The congre- 
gation here enjoyed a steady growth until the depression set in. Then, 



23 

due to lack of employment, members moved North, others West, and 
many to New Orleans. In 1935 our church suffered its greatest loss 
in membership, when four families numbering sixteen souls moved 
away because of lack of work. These, however, were not lost to the 
Church, as they were transferred to our congregations in Los Angeles 
and Washington, D. C. To-day our congregation numbers 83 souls; 
but even though our church has decreased, our members are deter- 
mined that it shall again increase. Through our day-school many 
young people are being won for the church. 

An old person who was a member of a sectarian church for many 
years, tells the following: "Before I became a member of the Lu- 
theran Church, I was taught to believe that I had to do certain works 
that God would count me worthy of salvation. The Sacrament of the 
Altar was merely a love-feast, which had no more meaning than that 
we were doing what Christ did in remembrance of God. Before going 
to the Sacrament, I was always taught that I was worthy to commune 
because I had not done any bad at all ; but after I became a Lutheran, 
I learned that I am an unworthy sinner, whom Christ should damn. 
I now plead guilty of my sins and go to the Sacrament asking Jesus 
to forgive me and to help me to become a better person. Now I am 
glad that God has led me to the light of His grace and mercy, so that 
I am not depending on what I have done or will do, but on what 
Jesus has done and still does for me to get to heaven. I am glad and 
thank God that I have been enlightened to know that I am saved by 
grace through faith in Jesus." — E. R. B. 

Baton Rouge. 

In Baton Rouge, the capital of the State of Louisiana, situated 
on the Mississippi River, a mission-station has been opened. For 
many years the Missionary Board had set its eye on Baton Rouge to 
plant a Lutheran mission there. From time to time mission-work 
was begun in Baton Rouge, but for some reason it was again dis- 
continued. About five years ago it was taken up again. This time 
a membership of twenty-one was gained for the young mission. At 
present services are held in the auditorium of the colored high school, 
twice a month. Our Lutheran boys and girls attending Southern 
University, though eight miles distant, attend every service. Much 
progress cannot be expected until a chapel is built. We hope that 
some day a Lutheran church will be erected for Baton Rouge. 

0. P. T. 
Hickory Hill. 

Hickory Hill is about twelve miles from our church at Mansura 
and is not far from the Red River. Here a mission-station was opened 
a few years ago. Since its founding this little mission has been mak- 
ing progress in spite of the many difficulties and great handicaps. 
Because of flood waters from the Red River, which overflows its banks 
every year, the people have been in great financial straits. But in 
spite of this the mission has steadily grown in membership. Its 
membership is 42 souls. Services are held twice a month. For the 
past four years we have moved from one member's house to another's 
to worship. A site for a chapel has now been purchased, and plans 
for the chapel are ready. 

We have some very faithful members, who travel many miles in 
an old farm wagon to attend church. There are others who walk many 
miles across fields to be present at services. Four of our faithful 



24 

members have died since the mission was started and were given 
a Christian burial and laid to rest in our Lutheran cemetery at 
Mansura. 

The members of Hickory Hill are still earnestly praying for 
a Lutheran parochial school, where their children may learn more of 
their Savior. May the day soon come when their prayers are answered. 

C. P. T. 
Mansura. 

In the central part of the State of Louisiana, in Avoyelles County, 
there is a terrace extending about fourteen miles in length and three 
miles in width in the center. This was once an Indian territory; 
the home of the Natchez Indian tribe. On this historical terrace, 
about thirty years ago, a Lutheran mission was established among its 
Negro inhabitants. Through them the Gospel has also been carried 
to a few Indians, who are listed as members. Our membership to-day 
numbers 153 souls, 107 communicants, and 26 voting members. 
Divine services and Sunday-school are held every Sunday morning, 
Bible class every Wednesday evening. The day-school has an enrol- 
ment of 42 pupils, of whom only seven are non-Lutherans; but four 
out of this number are taking instruction for membership. The 
children of our school are the second generation of Lutherans and 
will soon be the third generation. The future prospect of our church 
looks bright. 

The past years of depression have brought much hardship among 
our people financially, but spiritually their zeal for God's Word has 
increased. — C. P. T. 

Piney Woods, Miss. 

At present this station is vacant, but efforts are being made to 
secure a successor to Rev. G. A. Schmidt, who the past February ac- 
cepted a call to First English Church in New Orleans. 

During the past school term approximately 195 persons were daily 
instructed by Pastor Schmidt and an assistant instructor. 

Our Lutheran mission in Piney Woods has a membership of 
145 souls, 103 communicants, and 16 voting members. 

Received into the Lutheran Church since 1931: by confirmation .... 127 

by baptism 43 

170 
Where are these members to-day? 

At the school or connected with the school 116 

In Mississippi, but not at the school 23 

In Georgia 1 

In Louisiana 1 

In Arizona 2 

In Iowa 1 

In New York 1 

Cared for from here 145 

Released to the Lutheran Mission in Jackson 18 

In Rev. McDavid's Church, Los Angeles 2 

In Rev. Kramer's Church, New Orleans 1 

In Rev. Hertwig's Church, Detroit 1 

Forever with the Lord . . . 3 

170 



25 

A Brief Chronology. 

1877 — Unanimous resolution by Synodical Conference to begin 

Negro Missions. Founding of first permanent church in 
Little Rock. 

1878 — Beginnings of the work in New Orleans. 

1881 — Springfield, Illinois, the first station in the North. 

1883 — Station opened at Meherrin, Virginia. 

1887 — Tenth anniversary. 301 baptized members. 

1891 — The Gospel standard advances to North Carolina. 

1897 — Twentieth anniversary. 1,400 baptized members. 

1903 — Immanuel Lutheran College founded at Concord, North Caro- 
lina. First station opened in Missouri, St. Louis, Novem- 
ber 8. 

1907 — Beginnings in New York, at Yonkers. 

1913 — Beginnings in Georgia and South Carolina. 

1916 — Opening up of the Black Belt in Alabama. 

1918 — Revival of interest in Northern cities. Philadelphia. 

1919 — The Gospel standard moves westward. California. 
1922 — Beginnings in Ohio. 

1927 — Fiftieth anniversary. 5,515 baptized members. 

Statistics, January 1, 1936. 

Pastors, 49 ; stations, 81 ; baptized members, 8,897 ; communicant 
members, 4,828 ; voting members, 1,075 ; schools, 48 ; enrolment, 2,783 ; 
Sunday-schools, 79; enrolment, 4,872; baptisms, 430; confirmations, 
461; communed, 17,411; school fees, $3,131.21; church and Sunday- 
school, $25,083.19. 

Africa. 

According to the instructions of the Synodical Conference in 

1934, your Board for Colored Missions selected a Survey Committee 
to Africa consisting of Pastors Im. Albrecht, O. C. A. Boeder, and 
Dr. H. Nau. This committee sailed from New York on January 4, 

1935, and made a thorough investigation of church conditions in 
Africa, especially in Nigeria. They, very naturally, also studied the 
sincerity of the call which came to us from the Ibesikpo people. On 
May 17 Pastors Albrecht and Boeder on their return trip arrived in 
New York, while Dr. Nau made an additional trip of exploration 
to Ogoja. 

The report of this committee disclosed the following facts : "The 
Ibesikpo people seceded from Qua Iboe December 10, 1930 ; the breach 
between Ibesikpo and Qua Iboe apparently is permanent ; Qua Iboe is 
guilty of great errors and has given serious offense; the number of 
villages in the Ibesikpo territory is forty, instead of twenty; the 
climate as such is acceptable, and missionaries find it healthful, pro- 
vided they observe the usual rules of health; medical attention can 
easily be obtained; missionaries have opportunity to retire for re- 
cuperation and rest at a not distant mountain resort." With regard 
to missionary opportunities the report continued : "Between 5,000 and 
6,000 people in Ibesikpo are awaiting our services. Twelve or more 
delegations appeared before the Survey Committee asking for mission- 
aries. In a population of 979,000 there are 54,126 Christians in the 
Province of Calabar. In the adjoining province of Ogoja, to the 



26 

north, there are only 4,600 Christians in a population of 636,000. In 
British Kamerun, Southern Province, the population, according to re- 
ports, is not so dense; but this field is very promising'. Missionary 
Tischhaeuser (Basel Mission) informed our committee that there 
would be room for us to conduct mission-work side by side with the 
Basel people. Investigations also were convincing that the Northern 
Provinces in Nigeria are not closed territory. 

"We have believed and after much prayer and consideration 
believe it more than ever that we should answer the call coming to us 
from Ibesikpo. The people are worthy of our help. They are willing 
to heed instruction and are hungry for spiritual guidance. They want 
to be directed by God's Word only. Unsuitable and unfit men are now 
leading and teaching them. At this time there are also false prophets 
harassing them. They are shepherdless." 

This report was also delivered at the Missouri Synod convention 
in Cleveland in 1935. The convention adopted the following reso- 
lutions : — 

"1. That the work in Africa be undertaken and carried on; 

"2. That, on account of the urgency of the call to this work, as 
many of the constituent synods of the Synodical Conference as shall 
express themselves in favor of undertaking this work take steps as 
soon as possible to bring and carry on the work under the direction 
of the Missionary Board until the meeting of the Synodical Con- 
ference in 1936; 

"3. That this be a temporary arrangement and be reported to the 
Synodical Conference at its next meeting; 

"4. That Dr. Fuerbringer deal with the constituent synods to 
obtain their consent for this arrangement." 

Dr. Fuerbringer personally reported that he had communicated 
with the presidents of the constituent synods of the Synodical Con- 
ference with regard to the actual opening of a mission in Africa and 
that the presidents of the Missouri, the Wisconsin, and the Slovak 
synods had replied affirmatively and agreed that the Missionary Board 
should proceed to carry out the resolutions of the respective synods. 
The President of the Norwegian Synod had informed him that this 
synod, having met early in the year, had no opportunity to act in the 
matter, but that he favored the movement and had instructed Pastor 
Moldstad to represent their interests. Dr. Fuerbringer declared that 
all preliminary steps had now been taken and successfully concluded 
and that therefore the Missionary Board is now fully authorized to 
proceed with actual plans and preparations for the opening of the 
work and the calling of missionaries. 

The Board has carefully studied the situation and acted to the 
best of its ability. Dr. Nau received a leave of absence for one year 
to proceed immediately to Africa in order to quiet the minds of the 
people as to our sincerity and also to begin the important work of 
laying the foundation for the work to follow. He is mainly occupied 
with the work of translating sermons and other material in order that 
the people may at least have the benefit of a sermon read to them 
until we are able to provide them with pastors and evangelists. At the 
same time Dr. Nau is also instructing the teachers and directing them 
in their work. Your Board has not been successful in gaining a resi- 
dent missionary for Africa up to this time. 



27 

While some individual workers connected with the Qua Iboe 
Mission in one way or another were not so very enthusiastic about the 
Lutheran Church's entering the field and expressed their misgivings, 
yet all hindrances were cleared up by a personal conference of two 
members of the Board with Dr. L. B. Moss of the Foreign Missions 
Conference of North America. This conference was held in Akron, 
Ohio, November 25, 1935. 

The approximate budget for the first year of work in Africa, 
including two missionaries, was fixed at a sum up to $14,000. This 
sum of course includes salaries, necessary equipment, an auto, travel- 
ing expenses, printing of literature, and sundry expenses. We can at 
the present time only guess at the possible expenses for the carrying- 
on of this work. We must learn as time goes on. The mission in 
Africa is now a fact; the great Shepherd of souls has directed us to 
this field, and we are convinced that He will continue to guide us 
and also create willing hearts who are anxious to support this 
great cause. 

Change in the Board. 

Mr. Theo. Steinmeyer having removed from the city and there- 
fore not being able to attend the meetings of the Board, resigned in 
April of 1936. Mr. Wm. Lottmann was chosen as his successor. 

Members whose Term Expires. 

The Rev. O. C. A. Boeder, the Rev. W. A. Hoenecke, Dr. J. T. 
Mueller, the Rev. Theo. Walther, the Rev. E. L. Wilson, and Mr. W. 
Lottmann. 

Distribution of Black People. 

Africa 160,000,000* 

Southern Asia 50,000,000* 

United States 11,891,143 

Brazil 11,700,000 

West Indies 7,470,828 

Pacific Islands 2,500,000* 

Total Black Population of the Earth 246,000,000* 

The Migration of Negroes. 

State 1910 1930 

New York 99,232 412,814 

New Jersey 69,844 208,828 

Pennsylvania 156,845 431,257 

Ohio , 96,901 309,304 

Indiana 57,505 111,982 

Illinois 85,078 328,972 

Michigan 15,816 169,453 

Missouri 161,234 223,840 

California 11,045 81,048 

The Missionary Board. 
By L. A. Wisler, Acting Executive Secretary. 



* Estimate. 



28 



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31 

Mission Fund 
"B" 

(See Exhibit "A," Line 14) 

July 1, 1934, July 1, 1935, 

iieoits. — June 30 1935 June 30 1936 

1. Equipment $ 9.86 

2. Insurance Reserve — Fire ... 1,250.00 $ 1,250.00 

3. Rent 156.00 5.00 

4. Repairs 560.28 657.76 

5. Salaries 55,143.96 53,847.38 

6. Sundries 2,127.53 1,687.95 

7. Traveling Expenses 4,179.82 4,099.43 



8. Gross Cost of Stations $63,427.45 $61,547.52 

9. Less Receipts from Stations 2,420.68 1,937.76 



10. Net Cost of Stations $61,006.77 $59,609.76 

11. Colleges — Operating Cost .. $17,704.41 $20,409.13 

12. Less Receipts from Colleges 5,325.67 6,458.97 



13. Net Cost of Colleges 12,378.74 13,950.16 

14. Administration 1,879.27 1,892.69 

15. Interest Paid 556.55 457.72 

16. Students' Support 1,461.49 2,063.56 

17. Superintendents 7,067.39 6,924.23 



18. $84,350.21 $84,898.12 

19. Interest Earned $1,443.64 $1,039.37 

20. Rents Received 316.21 114.25 

21. Sundry Receipts 691.38 570.24 



22. Total Sundry Income 2,451.23 1,723.86 



23. Net Cost to Synodical Conf. $81,898.98 $83,174.26 

Credits : — 

24. Charged to Missouri Synod . . $67,997.45 $68,014.92 

25. Charged to Norwegian Synod 500.00 438.35 

26. Charged to Slovak Synod . . 1,000.00 889.12 

27. Charged to Wisconsin Synod 12,401.53 13,831.87 



28. Total Credits $81,898.98 $83,174.26 



Building Fund 

July 1, 1934, to June 30, 1936 

"C" 

(See Exhibit "A," Line 11) 

Debits Credits 

1. Building Fund — General $12,145.43 

2. Building Notes — Interest $ 996.84 

3. Debentures — Interest 7,769.54 

4. Debentures — Cost 22.94 

5. Executive Residence 317.75 5,721.50 

6. Hickory Hill, La 85.00 580.00 

7. Jackson, Miss 219.75 

8. Mobile, Ala. — Improvement Taxes 172.69 106.81 

9. Napoleonville, La 800.00 

10. New Orleans, La., Beth. — Improv. Taxes 326.55 



32 

Debits Credits 

11. New Orleans, La. — Concordia (Old) .. 800.00 

12. New Orleans, La. — Concordia (New) . . 1,296.35 

13. Pensacola, Fla 3,500.00 1.00 

14. Piney Woods, Miss 114.35 

15. Rock West, Ala 100.00 



Credits : — 

6. Cleveland, O $ 32.57 

7. Hickory Hill, La 580 00 

8. Jackson, Miss 1,511.26 

9. New Bern, N. C 619.19 

10. Piney Woods, Miss 416.30 

11. Rock West, Ala 100.00 



Totals $14,487.66 $20,588.84 



Received from or charged to : ■ — 

16. Direct Sources $4,270.21 

17. Legacies 100.00 

18. Sale of Properties 7,321.50 

19. Stations 107.81 

20. Missouri Synod 7,316.91 

21. Norwegian Synod 21.95 

22. Slovak Synod 44.52 

23. Wisconsin Synod 1,405.94 



Total Credits $20,588.84 

Analysis of Building Fund Balance 

Debits* ^ ee Exhibit "A," Line 11) 

1. Building Fund — General , $89,162.17 

2. Concord, N. C 3,773.99 

3. Hickory Hill, La 85.00 

4. High Point, N. C 578.60 

5. Mobile, Ala 65.88 



$93,665.64 



3,259.32 



12. Deficit, June 30, 1936 $90,406.32 



Your Treasurer considers it a privilege to submit the foregoing 
report on the fiscal business of your Missionary Board covering the 
biennium ending June 30, 1936. These two years offered their share 
of problems and difficulties, but financing our mission operations 
was not one of our tribulations. Since July 1, 1935, invoices cover- 
ing proportionate shares of our operating costs are being sent to all 
constituent synods monthly. As is apparent on Exhibit "A," the 
Norwegian and Slovak synods have more than paid their shares, 
so that their accounts show credit balances. The Missouri and Wis- 
consin synods are meeting their obligations currently, the balances 
representing June charges, for which no invoices were rendered until 
after June 30, 1936. 

2. As the African Mission will no doubt receive considerable 
attention at this convention, its fiscal phase should prove of interest. 
Exhibit "A," Line 21, indicates its gross income as $15,627.90, all of 
it from voluntary sources. Of this sum our colored Lutherans con- 
tributed $5,688.28. 



33 

3. Our experience is still too limited to give us any definite idea 
of the probable cost of African Missions. We do know that the 
exploration and preliminary work cost $4,942.08 (Line 6). We have 
expended the sum of $1,391.72 for necessary equipment, such as an 
automobile truck, refrigerator, stove, filter, typewriter, duplicator, etc. 
(Line 7). Transporting Dr. and Mrs. Nau to Nigeria and maintain- 
ing them to May 30, 1936, has required an expenditure of $2,006.94 
(Line 8). As of the latter date we had $7,287.16 available for further 
operations, of which $6,192.51 was on hand in your treasury and 
$1,094.65 had been advanced to Africa. The indications are that we 
shall not find it necessary to draw on the constituent synods for the 
African Mission during the balance of 1936; but the synods should 
be prepared to meet their proportionate shares during 1937, assuming 
that the Synodical Conference as such will conduct this mission. 

4. A noticeable feature of Exhibit "A" is the pronounced reduc- 
tion in liabilities in June, 1936, as compared with two years ago. 
In June, 1934, we owed: Accrued Liabilities, $5,765.64; Debentures, 
$96,400.00; Notes Payable, $7,057.00, or a total of $109,222.64. In 
June, 1936, we find Building Notes Payable, $32,100.00 ; Debentures, 
$55,400.00; Notes Payable, $657.00, or a total of $88,157.00. This 
improvement is due primarily to the sharp reduction in our receivable 
accounts and secondarily to the sale of real estate scheduled in 
Exhibit "C." 

5. The Insurance Reserve (Exhibit "A," Line 26) deserves special 
attention. This fund shows a decided increase during the two years 
under consideration. In 1926 your Missionary Board resolved no 
longer to purchase professional fire or tornado insurance on its smaller 
risks and to set up an annual reserve in lieu of the premiums for- 
merly paid. By 1934 our experience had been so favorable that by 
resolution of your Board no more fire or tornado insurance was to 
be purchased on any risks, but our annual charge to the Reserve 
Fund was to be increased. The result is a total fund of $13,400.83. 
The policy of your Board not to buy professional insurance is fre- 
quently attacked, and the Synodical Conference might voice an 
opinion on this subject. 

6. The Mission Fund (Exhibit "B") records the lowest two-year 
cost of missions since prior to 1920. The following cost figures may 
be of interest : — 

1930/31 $158,545.38 1933/34 $87,143.80 

1931/32 142,328.75 1934/35 81,898.98 

1932/33 109,587.76 1935/36 83,174.26 

These figures prove that we arrived at a minimum cost during the 
fiscal year 1934/35 and that the tendency is now upward. This 
upward course is sure to continue for some indefinite period, even if 
no expansion is undertaken. 

7; During the year just closed mission costs have been charged 
to th£ constituent synods on the following basis : — 

Communicant 

Membership Percentage 

Missouri Synod 814,916 81.774% 

Norwegian Synod 5,256 .527 

Slovak Synod 10,656 1.069 

Wisconsin Synod 165,719 16.630 



Total 996,547 100.000% 



34 

Eevised statistics indicate the following ratio of distribution 
for 1936/37: — 

Communicant 

Membership Percentage 

Missouri Synod 834,619 82.075% 

Norwegian Synod 5,634 .554 

Slovak Synod 10,872 1.069 

Wisconsin Synod 165,778 16.302 



Total 1,016,903 100.000% 

8. Through sheer force of circumstances building operations were 
negligible during the biennium of 1934 to 1936. (Exhibit "C.") 
A chapel was erected in Pensacola, Fla., and Concordia Congregation, 
New Orleans, La., was relocated. The major portion of our expen- 
diture was incident to borrowed money — $8,789.32 (Lines 2, 3, 4). 
This compares favorably with the cost during the previous bien- 
nium — $9,710.50. However, none of the constituent synods has 
made it possible to pay any of our outstanding obligations during 
recent years, and until they do, large annual interest charges must 
be paid. Has not the time come seriously to consider this matter? 

9. The matter of maturing debentures must also have con- 
sideration. In 1928 the Synodical Conference authorized the borrow- 
ing for building purposes of $218,100.00 "at a commission of not 
more than 5 per cent, and at an annual interest rate of not more 
than 5V2 per cent." Not more than $100,000.00 was ever outstanding* 
at one time, and no commission was ever paid; but the debentures 
issued under authority of that resolution call for a 5% interest rate, 
and they mature serially in annual instalments up to November 1, 
1939. In 1934 the Synodical Conference authorized your Missionary 
Board to replace outstanding 5% debentures with others having 
a lower interest rate, the exchange to be made as expeditiously as 
possible. The result is that $32,100.00 of 5% debentures has been 
replaced by 3% notes. On the other hand, $55,400.00 of 5% deben- 
tures is still outstanding, and your Missionary Board should be 
authorized to issue new obligations at a lower interest rate and to 
use the proceeds to retire existing debentures. A cross-section of 
your obligations two years ago and to-day would look as follows : — 



Maturity 
November 1, 1934 


5% Debentures 
as of 6/30/34 

$12,600.00 


5% Debentures 
as of 6/30/36 

$10,500.00 

9,700.00 

12,900.00 

22,300.00 


3% Notes 
as of 6/30/36 


November 1, 1935 


19,000.00 




November 1, 1936 

November 1, 1937 

November 1, 1938 


12,800.00 

13,600'.00 

14,000.00 


$ 4,000.00 
1,500.00 
3,000.00 


November 1, 1939 


24,400.00 


2,500.00 


May 1, 1940 

November 1, 1940 




500.00 
15,600.00 


February 4, 1945 




5,000.00 










$96,400.00 


$55,400.00 


$32,100.00* 



* $1,000.00 is without interest. 

10. Your Missionary Board is occasionally confronted with the 
difficult situation of finding it desirable, advantageous, even urgent, 
to sell a certain piece of property, but lacking the authority to make 
the sale. Sometimes it is possible to anticipate such sales and to ask 
the Synodical Conference for specific authority. However, not infre- 



35 

quently these prospective sales develop between sessions of the Synod- 
ical Conference, and then your Board is powerless to act under your 
present regulations. To overcome these awkward and sometimes em- 
barrassing situations, your Missionary Board ought to have blanket 
power to sell, or otherwise dispose of, such real estate as is no longer 
of direct use or service to the mission or the sale of which would 
directly or indirectly benefit the cause of our mission. 

11. In 1928 the Synodical Conference adopted "Regulations Con- 
trolling the Purchase of Property from the Missionary Board by 
Congregations." For the sake of information these regulations are 
quoted : — 

"As it is desirable that our mission-congregations be organized, 
become self-supporting, and own their own church property, and as 
it is the purpose of the Synodical Conference and the Missionary 
Board to encourage congregations to strive for these ideals, the fol- 
lowing regulations have been adopted covering the purchase of prop- 
erty from the Missionary Board by individual congregations : — 

"a) The purchasing congregation shall be regularly organized 
on the basis of a constitution approved by the Missionary Board. 

"b) The purchasing congregation shall be incorporated under the 
laws of the State in which it is located. 

"c) Before a congregation may purchase any property from the 
Missionary Board, it must be self-sustaining to the extent that it 
pays all its local expenses other than salaries and at least one half 
the salary of its pastor, or if the congregation be a part of a parish 
consisting of more than one congregation, it must be self-sustaining 
to the extent that it pays all its local expenses other than salaries and 
at least one half of its proportionate part of its pastor's salary. 

"d) When the purchase of property is contemplated, the matter 
must be submitted to the respective superintendent for approval. 

"e) The price at which a piece of property may be sold by the 
Missionary Board to the purchasing congregation shall be proposed 
by a committee of three, consisting of a representative of the Mis- 
sionary Board, a representative of the congregation, and a disinter- 
ested third party, selected by the first two. The findings of this 
committee shall be submitted to the Missionary Board and the pur- 
chasing congregation, ratification by both parties being required 
before a contract of sale may be negotiated. 

"f) The purchasing congregation shall make a cash payment of 
no less than 25 per cent, of the purchase price established according 
to the procedure described in Paragraph e) and shall enter into 
a contract of sale with the Missionary Board, which contract shall 
specify that the purchasing congregation agrees to make additional 
payments at the rate of no less than 5 per cent, of the purchase price 
per annum. This contract shall further specify that, after the pur- 
chasing congregation shall have paid 50 per cent, of the purchase 
price and shall have become entirely self-sustaining, as far as local 
expenses and the pastor's salary or a proportionate part of such pas- 
tor's salary is concerned, the Missionary Board shall deliver a war- 
ranty deed conveying the property to the purchasing congregation, 
which warranty deed shall contain a clause preventing the said con- 
gregation from selling the said property without the consent of the 
Missionary Board, the purchasing congregation, in turn, giving its 



— — 36 

note or notes, secured by a first mortgage covering the balance of 
the purchase price. The notes secured by the first mortgage shall 
require an annual payment on account equal to 5 per cent, of the 
original purchase price. 

"g) During the life of the contract of sale the purchasing congre- 
gation shall be held to keep the property in a reasonable state of 
repair. 

"h) Any and all general and special taxes levied after the date 
of the contract of sale shall be paid by the purchasing congregation." 

Experience has demonstrated that the stipulation in Paragraph f ) 
requiring a down-payment of 25% is a little too stringent and dis- 
couraging. In the best interests of the mission it might be expedient 
to reconsider that paragraph and amend it to read 5% instead of 25%, 
so that the amended Paragraph f), in part, would read as follows: 
"The purchasing congregation shall make a cash payment of no less 
than 5 per cent, of the purchase price established according to the 
procedure described in Paragraph e) and shall enter into a contract 
of sale with the Missionary Board, which contract shall specify that 
the purchasing congregation agrees to make additional payments at 
the rate of no less than 5 per cent, of the purchase price per annum." 

12. During the past several years Mr. A. W. Huge, Missouri 
Synod's Auditor, has been auditing the books and records of your 
Treasurer. In 1932 and 1934 these audits were completed in time 
to be reported to the Synodical Conference at its sessions. This year 
that is not possible because Mr. Huge had to leave on a long trip 
before our books for the fiscal period could be closed. Presumably 
he will make the audit soon after his return, and his report can be 
made to whomever you may select or be published in whatever manner 
you may direct. Respectfully submitted by 

Theo. W. Eckhart, Treasurer. 
St. Louis, Mo., July 21, 1930.